Post Prostatectomy Incontinence
A high percentage of men, about 75%, experience a short period of mild Prostatectomy incontinence after surgery to remove the prostate gland (radical prostatectomy). This typically occurs after removal of the catheter that was placed in the bladder during surgery. For most men this is a temporary situation and most regain urinary control without any treatment.
Post prostatectomy incontinence can include stress incontinence or urge incontinence. Stress incontinence is the involuntary loss of urine that can occur during physical activity. Lifting a heavy item or laughing or sneezing, puts an increased “stress” or pressure on the bladder. Stress incontinence accounts for the majority of incontinence problems in patients who had radical prostatectomy. Urge incontinence is the sudden need to urinate due to contractions or bladder spasms.
Significant improvement from incontinence issues can be seen in the first three months after surgery and can consistently improve during the first year after surgery. The majority of men will no longer have incontinence issues within six months of their surgery. For the small percentage of men who continue to have moderate urinary leakage, improvement may be seen even a year after prostate surgery. Patients who continue to have problems after the first year should seek medical attention for treatment options available for post prostatectomy incontinence.
Solutions for Post Prostatectomy Incontinence
Doctors generally do not recommend aggressive treatment for incontinence until one year after prostate surgery. But there are patients who continue to have severe incontinence six months after prostate surgery. For these men, surgical treatment may be considered sooner than one year after surgery. Patients receive thorough evaluation, including detailed medical history so the appropriate surgical treatment can be recommended and performed.
Surgical treatments available include, urethral bulking, artificial sphincter and sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) for moderate leakage. The bulbourethral sling is an option for severe urinary incontinence following prostate surgery. Getting information about each procedure can help patients decide which option they prefer:
Urethral bulking material is injected around the urethra by either closing a hole in the urethra or increasing the thickness of the wall of the urethra. This surgery helps the bladder control urination.
Artificial sphincter. This procedure involves fitting a silicone rubber device around the urethra. The uretha is the tube that carries urine from your bladder to the outside of your body. It can be inflated or deflated to control urination and stop leakage.
The sling is placed under the urethra and is attached to either muscle tissue or the pubic bone. The sling compresses and raises the urethra. This allows the urethra to have greater resistance to pressure from the belly.
Post prostatectomy incontinence symptoms that do not go away on their own usually require medical intervention. If you have questions about post prostatectomy incontinence, contact us at 212-541-6239 to schedule an appointment with the best Penile Implant Surgery doctor in NYC.